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A Novelist's Storyboard

What exactly is a storyboard?

A storyboard is a sequence of images that tell your story. In the 1930s, Disney Studios' artists began taking on more complicated projects- intricate stories with many scenes- and before long one cartoon generated so many sketches that it was impossible to keep the flow and sequence of the story straight.

Sound familiar? This is exactly how it feels to me when I have an early draft of a novel. So much great material-- backstory, dialog, action sequences, contemplative moments-- but it's a jumble. Some parts drag. Others race. Worse of all, with hundreds of pages of material and almost no perspective from my position close inside a project, I can't pinpoint  the problem spots.

Disney animator Webb Smith had a solution- storyboarding. Basically a sequence of images arranged in the order of the final product.

Here's a storyboard from a famous Disney movie-

Beautiful, isn't it?  Is this what my storyboards look like? No way. For one thing I'm no artist. But believe me, that's not a handicap for storyboarding a novel. In fact in some ways it may be an asset because my drawings are free and spontaneous. We'll talk about why this is important tomorrow--- and how storyboarding can pull you into the "flow state". But let's stick with practical matters today.

What does a novelist's storyboard look like?

I've had a more or less hellacious time downloading images today... if I can get my camera to work with my computer I'll post a photograph of the actual storyboard I'm working on right now. Until then take a look at this template-

This is generic but it will work for our purposes. There's a block for an image, and underneath, lines for text. So how do you fill it in--- what goes in those blocks? I have some recommendations but ultimately it's up to you.


1) Consider including three elements for each storyboard "segment". Below the block make a brief note about the major ACTION in the scene or part of a scene you are storyboarding. In the block draw what's happening. Above the block write a one word description of the overriding EMOTION in the scene. This will gauge both the arc of the story itself (what is "happening") and the emotional arc of your protagonist or of the story. If every block is "Sad" "Sad" "Sad" that's a good clue your story is emotionally stagnant.

2) Play with the pictures. At least until you've decided one method works best from you draw whatever you feel in each block. It may be one strong visual image (perhaps I'd draw a handprint in one of my blocks). In the next block you may chose to draw the major action (how about two characters embracing?)  When you stay loose and free you're going to surprise yourself. Something entirely unexpected might pop up anywhere. Don't "overthink" it. Just do it.

3) Don't get hung up on how it's coming together while you're working on it. You're not storyboarding for Disney. It's going to be a mess in the middle of the project. Give yourself license to be messy.

4) Step back- literally and figuratively. Tack your storyboard onto a wall or prop it against a table. Stand back and take the long view. (At least in my case this means my storyboards are at least poster sized) Take your time. This isn't a fifteen minute project. It will probably take hours. Maybe even days. Then let it cool off and come back to it. What do you see now? What do you want to add?

5) Don't erase. While you're working leave in the blunders. Yes, sometimes they were mistakes. Often they're your unconscious mind rearing it's head. At this stage be receptive, not judgmental.

6) You can storyboard an entire novel, scene by scene or chapter by chapter. You can do three blocks, beginning middle and end. You can make a block for the inciting incident, the three major hurdles, the climax, the realization, the denoument, and the wrap up. You can break it down any way, with as many or as few blocks are you want. Too much freedom? Start with four rows of four. Make the first block your inciting incident and the last one your conclusion and just work from there. Experiment.

7) Make it yours. This is JUST for you. Don't show it to anyone else. Maybe you're an "awful artist". Who cares? This isn't a drawing project. It's a creativity and organization project.

Tomorrow I'll be back with the "so what". There are sound neurological reasons storyboarding works for some of us. It literally probes the deepest recesses of the creative mind. How? Come back tomorrow and I'll try to explain.

In the meantime I'd love to hear your organization ideas. Do you outline? What do your outlines look like? Do you use computer programs like Scrivener? Do you make collages? Lets share!



( 6 comments — Leave a comment )
Jul. 14th, 2010 04:09 pm (UTC)
Great info, Tami! For the storyboard I just finished, I took a legal pad and used one page per chapter. This has already helped me see some chapters that could go, which is really what I need. Interestingly, I tend to write three emotions down....I think I'll go back and write just one, using your suggestion, and see how that turns out. (I was in tears from laughing so hard when I showed my drawings to my artistic husband!) Interested to see what else you and others have to say on the topic. By the way, I don't outline, although sometimes I write a check-off list of "stuff that has to happen."

Jul. 14th, 2010 06:33 pm (UTC)
I like the idea of one page per chapter to "micro" storyboard a novel. Storyboarding on the chapter or scene level really drills me down into the scene. But it's also nice to do a "big picture" storyboard so you can see the entire novel right before your eyes. Or at least that feels really helpful and satisfying to me.

One thing I do when I'm at the fairly raw stage of a novel is a storyboard bulletin board. I draw each of my storyboard segments (the emotion, the block drawing, and the action) on an index card then I pin the cards up on a bulletin board. It's a nice way to rearrange scenes and a good way to delete things you don't want anymore.
Jul. 14th, 2010 11:47 pm (UTC)
I love the idea of this! I have a feeling I'd go overboard with storyboarding, though, since drawing is one of my favorite hobbies. :P
Jul. 15th, 2010 02:43 am (UTC)

I like the idea of index card storyboarding while you are writing your rough draft. Since I cannot write full-time, it can take more than a year to finish a rough draft. This would be a great way to help me remember what scenes I have already written.

Thanks for this helpful post.

Sarah McElrath
Jul. 15th, 2010 01:13 pm (UTC)
Really Interesting
Kelcrocker sort of touched on something I was wondering which is, how this storyboard technique would work for someone who doesn't outline the entire story before writing it. I'm not necessarily a plunger, but not a full outliner either. Sort of an in-between. What are your thoughts on storyboarding for someone like me?
Jul. 15th, 2010 07:24 pm (UTC)
Re: Really Interesting
I personally use it before the whole story is written. Then I do another one after. I think it's a great technique for just about any point in the process but for me it's great to sort of "take the story's pulse" and see where the heart is.

I did a MAJOR revision of my road novel post-sale, and essentially rewrote the entire second half and some scenes from the first half. I used storyboards throughout that process to guide me.

So yes yes yes it can help.
( 6 comments — Leave a comment )